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2017职称英语综合类C级阅读判断练习(5)

2017-03-08 13:30:00 来源:新东方在线发表评论

职称英语零基础全程无忧班

  If leadership consists of getting things done through others, then persuasion is one of the leader's essential tools. Many executives have assumed that this tool is beyond their grasp, available only to the charismatic (有魅力的) and the eloquent. Over the past several decades, though, experimental psychologists have learned which methods reliably lead people to concede, comply, or change. Their research shows that persuasion is governed by several principles that can be taught and applied.

  The first principle is that people are more likely to follow someone who is similar to them than someone who is not. Wise managers, then, ask peers to help make their cases. Second, people are more willing to cooperate with those who are not only like them but who like them, as well. So it's worth the time to uncover real similarities and offer genuine praise.Third, experiments confirm the intuitive truth that people tend to treat you the way you treat them. It's sound policy to do a favor before seeking one. Fourth, individuals are more likely to keep promises they make voluntarily and clearly. The message for managers here is to get commitments in writing. Fifth, studies show that people really do defer to (服从) experts. So before they attempt to exert influence, executives should take pains to establish their own expertise and not assume that it's self-evident. Finally, people want more of a commodity when it's scarce; it follows, then, that exclusive information is more persuasive than widely available data.

  16 Experiments have confirmed the assumption of many executives.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  17 People are more likely to cooperate with those who like them.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  18 Managers do not employ those who are quite different from them.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  19 There is no need for a manager to find out the merits of his employees.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  20 Experiments have shown that, contrary to our expectation, people tend to treat you the way you treat them.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  21 There are as many wise managers as there are stupid ones.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  22 Exclusive information is more persuasive than widely known data.

  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

  参考答案:

  16. B  17. A  18. C  19. B  20. B  21. C  22. A

     本文选自新东方在线论坛。

本文关键字: 职称英语 阅读判断

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