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职称英语卫生类-B级阅读判断模拟练习(25)

2017-02-17 12:21:00 来源:新东方在线发表评论

职称英语零基础全程无忧班

  Magaplane(巨型飞机)

  The Boeing Corp.and Europe's Airbus consortium(财团) are preparing to offer bigger airplanes to the world's airlines. Now that talks on a joint project have broken down, Boeing is pushing a stretched(拓展的) version of 747, and Airbus is designing an all-new aircraft, known as the A3XX.

  Seating 550 passengers in the basic model, and 650 in a stretched version, the 1.2 million pound A3XX will not only be the largest airplane in the world, but it will also be one of the most advanced. The outer wings and the horizontal stabilizer (as big as a smaller jet's wing) will be made of carbon-fiber composite materials, and will be the largest such structures on any aircraft except the B-2 stealth bomber (隐形轰炸机). Metal skins will be welded (焊接) together with lasers, removing thousands of fasteners.

  When a strong wind strikes the A3XX's 260-foot wing, movable control surfaces will prevent it from flexing(扭曲) like a giant spring. This will make the ride smoother and will save weight by reducing the load on the wing spars(翼梁).A flexible-skinned flap(副翼) will subtly change the wing's curvature(曲面) to match the airplane's changing weight as it burns fuel on each journey.

  The A3XX will carry up to 1,600 meals, filling more than 100 food and beverage(饮料) carts. To make more room for passengers, Airbus plans to put the carts in the lower hold; automatic conveyors and elevators will deliver them to the two passenger decks. Airlines have asked Airbus to look at extra features ranging from lower-deck sleeper cabins to a children's playroom.

  Airbus expects to offer the A3XX to airlines in 1998, and deliver the first aircraft in 2003.

  1. The basic model of A3XX can carry more than 500 passengers.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. A3XX will fly faster while consuming less oil.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 

  3. A3XX will be bigger than the B-2 stealth bomber.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. No fasteners will be used in building A3XX because all components will be welded together.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  5. The wing of A3XX will not be spoiled when it is stricken by a strong wind because its surface are designed to be movable.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. Airbus plans to build a mini-restaurant in the lower hold of A3XX.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. The first A3XX will be available in 2003.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  参考答案:

  1.A.分析:借助问题句中出现的特征词A3XX和500为答案线索词,这样在第2段第1句找到答案相关句:Seating 550 passengers in the basic model, and 650 in a stretched version, the 1.2 million pound A3XX will not only be the largest airplane in the world, but it will also be one of the most advanced. 划线结构说“A3XX的基本型可载客超过500人”, 这个内容与问题句的内容一致。

  2.C.分析:利用问题句中出现的特征词(修饰词)faster和less oil作为答案线索词。在文章第3段最后一句才找到了包含fuel(oil的近义词),但该句没有提到飞行速度的问题。因此判断问题句为“没提到”。

  3. B。分析:利用问题句中出现的特征词A3XX,bigger和 B-2 stealth bomber为答案线索词, 这样在第2段的倒数第1句和第2句找到答案相关句:Seating 550 passengers in the basic model, and 650 in a stretched version, the 1.2 million pound A3XX will not only be the largest airplane in the world, but it will also be one of the most advanced. (划线句说“1。2百万磅重的A3XX是世界上最大的飞机”, 但是没有提到与B-2 stealth bomber的比较情况, 所以接着看下文)The outer wings and the horizontal stabilizer (as big as a smaller jet's wing) will be made of carbon-fiber composite materials, and will be the largest such structures on any aircraft except the B-2 stealth bomber .该划线结构说“除了B-2 stealth bomber 以外,A3XX是具有这种结构的最大的飞机”, 这个句子才是真正的答案相关句, 显然该句的内容正好与问题句的内容相反, 因此问题句的说法错误。

  4.B.分析:利用问题句中出现的特征词(修饰词)fastener为答案线索词, 于是在第2段最后1句中找到答案相关句: Metal skins will be welded (焊接) together with lasers, removing thousands of fasteners. 该句说“金属表面将用激光焊接在一起, 从而去处掉数以千计的固定部件”, “去处掉数以千计的固定部件”并不意味着就完全不用固定件了, 所以问题句的说法不正确。removing thousands of fasteners = and remove thousands of fasteners

  5.A.分析:利用问题句中出现特征词strong wind作为答案线索词, 这样在第3段第1句中找到答案相关句: When a strong wind strikes the A3XX's 260-foot wing, movable control surfaces will prevent it from flexing like a giant spring. 该句说“当强风袭击A3XX的260英尺长的机翼时,可移动的控制表面能防止机翼扭曲成一个巨大的弹簧。”, 显然这与问题句的内容(当强风袭击A3XX的260英尺长的机翼时A3XX的机翼不会被损坏, 因为机翼的表面被设计成可移动的。)一致。

  6.C.分析:借助问题句中的专有名词(Airbus)和中心词(mini-restaurant)为答案线索词。结果在全文中根本没有发现mini-restaurant及其近义词结构,所以判断问题句为“没提到”。

  7.A.分析:借助问题句中的特征词(2003)为答案线索词.于是在最后一段的最后1句找到答案相关句。判断问题句的说法正确。

     本文选自新东方在线论坛。

本文关键字: 职称英语 阅读判断

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