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职称英语卫生B级:阅读理解练习(23)

2017-02-16 13:00:00 来源:新东方在线发表评论

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  Storms Sink Ships

  Rescuers have found the bodies of over 130 people killed in two ferry disasters in

  Bangladesh.The accidents happened during a storm that hit the country on April 21.Hundreds more are missing or feared dead.

  The two ferries sank in different rivers near the capital city of Dhakfi as strong winds and rain hit the South Asian country.

  The government has since banned a11 ferries and other boats from traveling at night during the April-May stormy season. .

  One of the ferries,MV Mitali,was carrying far more people than it was supposed to.About 400 passengers fitted into a space made for just 300,police said.The second ferry carried about 1 00 passengers.

  “The number of deaths is certain to rise.”said an official in charge of the rescue work.“No one really knows how many people were on board‘the ferry or how many of them survived.’’

  Ferries in Bangladesh don’t always keep passenger lists,making it difficult to determine the exact number of people on board.

  Besides the ferry accidents,at least 40 people were killed and 400 injured by lightning strikes.falling houses and trees and the sinking of small boats.

  Storms are common this time of year in Bangladesh,as are boating accidents.Ferry

  disasters take away hundreds of lives every year in a nation of 130 million people.

  Officials blame these river accidents on a lack of safety measures.too many passengers in boats and not enough checks on weather conditions.

  Ferries are a common means of transport in Bangladesh.It is a country covered by about 230 rivers.Some 20,000 ferries use the nation’s Waterways every year.And many of them are dangerously overcrowded.

  Since 1977, more than 3.000 people have died in some 260 boating accidents.

  词汇:

  ferry n.渡船

  waterway n.水路,水道

  Bangladesh:孟加拉国,位于南亚

  练习:

  1.How many people have been found dead in the two ferry disasters?

  A、Over 130.

  B、At least 40.

  C、About 400.

  D) Over 3,000.

  2.The two ferry disasters occurred

  A)at noon.

  B)in the morning.

  C) at night.

  D)In the afternoon.

  3.How many passengers was MV Mitali designed to carry?

  A)500.

  B)100.

  C)400.

  D)300.

  4.Officials attribute boating accident to

  A)strong winds.

  B)bad weather conditions.

  C)the blockages of waterways.

  D)the lack of safety measures.

  5·¨hich of the following statements is NOT true of the two ferry disasters?

  A)They were overcrowded.

  B)They sank on April 2I.

  C1 The exact number of deaths could be easily determined.

  D)They sank somewhere near Dhaka. 答案及解析

  1. A.该题问的是:在两次渡船失事中已发现多少人死了?第一段第一个句子说到“救援人员已经找到了在盂加拉国的两次渡船失事中的130多人的尸体”。当然,实际的死亡人数还要高。

  2. C.该题问的是:这两次渡船失事发生在什么时候?这是一道推理题。文章中没有一个句子直接地提供了这方面的信息。但是第三段间接地传递了这方面的信崽:政府自此后禁止所有的渡船和其他船只在四五月的暴风季节夜航。

  3. D. 该题问的是:渡船MV Mitali设计载客量是多少?答案在第四段的第二句:把大约400个旅客装进了只能容纳300个旅客的空间。

  4. D. 该题问的是:官员们解释船只失事的原因是什么?倒数第三段说到了缺乏安全措施

  5.C.该题问的是: 下面有关这两次渡船失事的说法哪种是错的?第5段有这样一句话:没有人真正知道当时有多少人在船上,也不知道有多少人还活着,第6段是这么说的:盂加拉国的渡船不是总能留下乘客的名单的,使得确认船上确切的人数很困难。

     本文选自新东方在线论坛。

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