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职称英语卫生类A级概括大意模拟题(21)

2017-02-14 12:58:00 来源:新东方在线发表评论

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  1. Large companies need a way to reach the savings of the public at large. The same problem on a smaller scale, faces practically every company to develop new products and create new jobs.

  2. There can be little prospect of raising the sort of sums needed from friends and people we know, and while banks may agree to provide short-term finance, they are generally unwilling to provide money on a permanent basis for long-term projects. So companies turn to the public, inviting people to lend them money, or take a share in the business in exchange for a share in future profits. This they do by issuing stocks and shares in the business through The Stock Exchange. By doing so they can put into circulation the savings of individuals and institutions, both at home and overseas.

  3. When the saver needs his money back, he does not have to go to the company with whom he originally placed it. Instead, he sells his shares through a stockbroker to some other saver who is seeking to invest his money.

  4. Many of the services needed both by industry and by each of us are provided by the Government or by local authorities. Without hospitals, roads, electricity, telephones, railways, this country could not function. All these require continuous spending on new equipment and new development if they are to serve us properly, requiring more money than is raised through taxes alone. The Government, local authorities, andnationalized industries therefore frequently need to borrow money to finance major capital spending, and they, too, come to The Stock Exchange.

  5. There is hardly a man or woman in this country whose job or whose standard of living does not depend on the ability of his/her employers to raise money to finance new development. In one way or another, this new money must come from the savings of the country. The Stock Exchange exists to provide a channel through which these savings can reach those who need finance.23. Paragraph 2_________.

  24. Paragraph 3_________. 

  25. Paragraph 4_________.

  26. Paragraph 5_________.

  A. The way companies reaching the savings

  B. Why stock exchange comes into being

  C. The function of stock exchange

  D. How the savers take their money back

  E. Another factor which affects stock exchange

  F. How to use stock

  27. Almost all companies involved in new production and development must depend on________.

  28. The money which enables these companies to go ahead with their projects is raised_________.

  29. All the essential services on which we depend are_________.

  30. The stock exchange makes it possible for the Government, local authorities and nationalized industries to raise_________.

  A. a more successful company

  B. in constant need of financial support 

  C. as much money as they wish

  D. the population as a whole for finance

  E. by the selling of shares in the companies

  F. to finance new development

  参考答案

  23.B 24.D 25.E 26.C 27.B 28.E 29.B 30.F

     本文选自新东方在线论坛。

本文关键字: 职称英语 概括大意与完成句子

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