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2017职称英语理工类-阅读理解练习(21)

2017-02-10 18:40:00 来源:新东方在线发表评论

2017年教师资格考试笔试真题和答题模板下载

  UN’s 'Call to Action' to Help Poor Countries Tackle Swine Flu(猪流感)

  Major U.N. and international aid agencies are launching a Call to Action to help poor countries prepare for and protect people from the H1N1 swine flu.

  The World Health Organization is warning countries to prepare for further spread of the H1N1 influenza pandemic in coming months. However, aid agencies say it will be more difficult to fight the disease in poorer countries, which have weak health systems, poor health status and limited resources.

  World Health Organization spokesman, Paul Garwood, says this Call to Action aims to reduce the impact of H1N1 by offering a range of measures applicable to all countries.

  Garwood says, in countries where humanitarian crises have struck in the past, there are systems in place to respond to crises, such as a pandemic.

  "We see in Zimbabwe, as a result of the cholera outbreak, the cholera command and control center was established, which eventually helped bring the cholera outbreak under control," he said. "Now, in Zimbabwe that same system is being used to respond to the H1N1 outbreaks, or cases that have been reported there."

  The Call to Action document has been signed by WHO, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the U.N. Organization for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance and the U.N. Children's Fund.

  Red Cross Senior Officer for Public Health and Emergencies, Tammam Aloudat says, without the support of these and numerous other partner agencies, it will not be possible to tackle the pandemic. In addition, he says, it is critical to empower individuals and communities to protect themselves.

  "This is a point that we would like to emphasize many times," said Aloudat. "People have the power to protect themselves and to change the effect of the influenza on them and their families. And, that is what we are going for."

  The aid agencies say several steps are key to reducing the impact of the pandemic. These include identifying populations at increased risk of disease and death, reducing death by treating acute respiratory illness and pneumonia, and reducing the spread of the disease by informing the public about simple protective measures

  1.In Paragraph 2, WHO implied

  A.The H1N1 influenza will continue to spread.

  B.The flu will be eradicated.

  C.Rich countries should pay special attention to fighting the disease.

  D.Poorer countries will have nothing to do, but watch the disease to spread

  正确答案:A

  解析:问题问的是:第二段中暗示了什么?文章的第二段主要讲到世界卫生组织和一些救援机构提醒人民进一步预防H1N1流感以及对一些贫困国家形势的担忧。这些都说明H1N1还会继续传播

  2.According to Garwood, the purpose of this Call to Action is

  A.to ask the rich countries to donate money.

  B.to urge people in poor counties not to eat pork.

  C.to offer a range of measures applicable to all countries to reduce the impact of the flu.

  D.to set up perfect health systems in all countries and eradicate any possibility of the comeback of the disease

  正确答案:C

  解析:问题问的是:加伍德认为这一行动号召的目的是什么?第三段提到他的观点“提供一系列适用于所有国家的方法,减小流感带来的影响

  3.Zimbabwe is a country which

  A.has never had a humanitarian crisis.

  B.was struck by cholera and successfully brought the disease under control.

  C.doesn’t have a system to respond to any pandemic.

  D.reported the most cases of H1N1 influenza

  正确答案:B

  解析:问题问的是:下列说法哪个是关于津巴布韦的?第五段举出津巴布韦的例子,该国家曾经爆发过人道主义危机——霍乱病,后来建立了霍乱疾控指挥中心,最终成功地控制了霍乱的爆发。现在这一系统又被用于猪流感的防控。因此只有B是正确的

  4.Which agency has NOT signed the Call to Action document

  A.WHO.

  B.The U.N. Organization for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance.

  C.The U.N. Children's Fund.

  D.The U.N. Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

  正确答案:D

  解析:问题问的是:一下哪家机构没有签署行动号召文件?文章第六段可以清楚的发现答案,只有D“联合国教科文组织没有提到”

  5.Which of the followings is NOT a key step to reduce the impact of the pandemic

  A.Identifying populations at increased risk of disease and death.

  B.Reducing death by treating acute respiratory illness and pneumonia.

  C.Informing the public about simple protective measures.

  D.Sending every single patient who is infected to hospital for the best treatment

  正确答案:D

  解析:问题问的是:下列哪一项不是降低流感影响的关键步骤?文章最后一段可以找到ABC中的说法,只有D“将每名病人都送到医院接受最好的治疗”不在其中

     本文选自新东方在线论坛。

本文关键字: 职称英语 阅读理解

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