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职称英语卫生类B级考试阅读理解练习题

2016-12-27 15:07:46 来源:新东方在线发表评论

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职称英语卫生类B级考试阅读理解练习题

  In what may be bad news for bars and pubs, a European research group has found that people drinking alcohol outside of meals have a significantly higher risk of cancer in the mouth and neck than do those taking their libations with food. Luigino Dal Maso and his colleagues studied the drinking patterns of 1,500 patients from four cancer studies and another 3, 500 adults who had never had cancer.

  After the researchers accounted for the amount of alcohol consumed, they found that individuals who downed a significant share of their alcohol outside of meals faced at least a 50 to 80 percent risk of cancer in the oral cavity(口腔), pharynx(咽), and esophagus(食管), when compared with people who drank only at meals. Consuming alcohol without food also increased by at least 20 percent the likelihood of laryngeal cancer(喉癌). “Roughly 95 percent of cancers at these four sites traced to smoking or drinking by the study volunteers,” Dal Maso says. The discouraging news, his team reports, is that drinking with meals didn’t eliminate cancer risk at any of the sites.

  For their new analysis, the European scientists divided people in the study into four groups, based on how many drinks they reported having in an average week. The lowest-intake group included people who averaged up to 20 drinks a week. The highest group reported downing at least 56 servings of alcohol weekly for an average of eight or more per day. Cancer risks for the mouth and neck sites rose steadily with consumption even for people who reported drinking only with meals. For instance, compared with people in the lowest-consumption group, participants who drank 21 to 34 alcohol servings a week at least doubled their cancer risk for all sites other than the larynx. If people in these consumption groups took some of those drinks outside meals, those in the higher consumption group at least quadrupled(四倍) their risk for oral cavity and esophageal cancers.

  People in the highest-consumption group who drank only with meals had 10 times the risk of oral cancer, 7 times the risk of pharyngeal cancer, and 16 times the risk of esophageal cancer compared with those who averaged 20 or fewer drinks a week with meals. In contrast, laryngeal cancer risk in the high-intake, with-meals-only group was only triple that in the low-intake consumers who drank with meals.

  “Alcohol can inflame(使发炎) tissues. Over time, that inflammation can trigger cancer.” Dal Maso says. He suspects that food reduced cancer risk either by partially coating digestive-tract(消化道) tissues or by scrubbing alcohol off those tissues. He speculates that the reason laryngeal risks were dramatically lower for all study participants traces to the tissue’s lower exposure to alcohol.

  31. Who are more likely to develop cancer in the mouth and neck?

  A. People who drink alcohol at meals.

  B. People who never drink alcohol.

  C. People who drink alcohol outside of meals.

  D. People who drink alcohol at bars and pubs.

  32. Which of the following is NOT the research finding about “drinking with meals”?

  A. It lowers cancer risk compared with drinking without food.

  B. It may be a cause of cancer.

  C. It does not eliminate cancer risk at any of the sites.

  D. It increases by 20 percent the risk of cancer in all the four sites.

  33. How many drinks do the lowest-intake group average per week?

  A. 21. B. 20. C. 34. D. 56.

  34. Which of the four cancers has the lowest risk?

  A. Oral cancer. B. Laryngeal cancer.

  C. Pharyngeal cancer. D. Esophageal cancer.

  35. According to the last paragraph, tissue’s lower exposure to alcohol

  A. reduces the risk of laryngeal cancer.

  B. explains why inflammation triggers cancer.

  C. accounts for why food can coat digestive-tract tissues.

  D. is the reason why food can scrub alcohol off tissues.

  参考答案:ADABA

来源:新东方在线论坛

本文关键字: 职称英语 卫生类B级考试 阅读理解 练习题

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