新东方在线网络课堂 职称英语 新东方在线 > 职称英语 > 职称英语卫生类 > 真题解析 > 正文

2016年职称英语考试真题及答案(卫生类A级)

2016-03-26 11:02:00 来源:新东方在线发表评论

2017年教师资格考试笔试真题和答题模板下载

  2016年职称英语考试时间为3月26日,新东方在线小编将在职称英语考试结束后为大家搜集整理2016年职称英语考试真题及答案,方便大家查询。提前祝大家考试顺利,取得优异的考试成绩。考后更新……

注:考生可收藏本页,查询最新信息。

2016年职称英语考试真题及答案(卫生类A级)

  阅读判断

  Deforestation and Desertification(沙漠化)

  The Sahel zone lies between the Sahara desert and the fertile savannahs(热带大草原)of northern Nigeria and South Sudan. The word sahel comes from Arabic and means marginal or transitional ,and this is a good description of the semi-arid(半干旱) lands, which occupy much of the Western African countries of Mail, Mauritania, Niger ,and Chad.

  Unfortunately, over the last century the Sahara desert has steadily crept southwards eating into once productive Sahel lands. United Nations surveys show that over 70 percent of the dry land in agriculture use in Africa has deteriorate dover the last 30 years. Droughts have become more severe, the most recent lasting over twenty years in parts of the Sahel region. The same process of desertification is taking place across southern Africa as the Kalahari desert advances into Botswana and parts of South Africa.

  One of the major causes of this desert advance is poor agricultural land use, driven by the pressures of increasing population. Overgrazing一 keeping too many farm animals on the land一means that grasses and other plants cannot recover, and scarce water supplies are exhausted. Over cultivation一 trying to grow too many crops on poor land一 results in the soil becoming even less fertile and drier, and beginning to break up. Soil erosion (侵蚀) follows, and the land turns into desert.

  Another cause of desertification is loss of tree cover. Trees are cut down for use as fuel and to clear land for agricultural use. Tree roots help to bind the soil together, to conserve moisture, and to provide a habitat for her plants and animals. When trees are cut down, the soil begins to dry and loosen, wind and rain erosion increase, other plant species die, and eventually the fertile top soil may be almost entirely lost, leaving only bare rock and dust.

  The effects of loss of topsoil and increased drought are irreversible. They are, however, preventable. Careful conservation of tree cover and sustainable agricultural land use have been shown to halt deterioration of soils and lessen the effects of shortage of rainfall. One project in Kita in south-west Malifunded by UNDP has involved local communities in sustainable management offorest, while at the same time providing a viable(有活力的)agricultural economy. This may be a model for similar projects in other West African countries.

  36.【题干】The Sahel zone is an area which _____.

  A.is covered with sad and grass

  B.has a long history

  C.occupies much of South Nigeria

  D.belongs to Sudan

  37. 【题干】What is the situation about the desertification in Africa?

  A.The deserts are replaced with grasslands

  B.The deserts are expanding

  C.the deserts are moving northwards

  D.the deserts are being deserted

  38. 【题干】The word "deteriorated" in paragraph2 means _____.

  【选项】

  A.deepened

  B.suffered

  C.slipped

  D.worsened

  39. 【题干】What is the root cause of desertification?

  A.poor farming

  B.overpopulation

  C.radical climate change

  D.disappearance of rare plant species

  40. 【题干】In order to prevent desertification, the author proposes _____.

  A.making good use of international aids

  B.developing a sustainable agricultural economy

  C.gaining international support

  D.converting agricultural land into forest

本文关键字: 2016职称英语卫生a真题 职称英语卫生a答案

分享到:

职上网网络课堂全部课程

证券从业-职上网 【通关】无忧通关班(不过无条件退费) ¥1580 免费试听
【全科】全科零基础取证班(不过免费重读) ¥980 免费试听
【速效】全科速效通关班(刷题+直播) ¥580 免费试听
基金从业-职上网 【法规+基础+私募】零基础无忧通关班A(1对1辅导+退费) ¥1988 免费试听
【法规+基础】零基础无忧通关班B(1对1辅导+退费) ¥1399 免费试听
【法规+私募】零基础无忧通关班C(1对1辅导+退费) ¥1399 免费试听
【法规+基础+私募】零基础取证班A(不过免费重读) ¥1299 免费试听
【法规+基础】零基础取证班B(不过免费重读) ¥899 免费试听
【法规+私募】零基础取证班C(不过免费重读) ¥899 免费试听
【法规+基础+私募】速效通关班A(有基础+刷题) ¥799 免费试听
【法规+基础】速效通关班B(有基础+刷题) ¥599 免费试听
【法规+私募】速效通关班C(有基础+刷题) ¥599 免费试听
银行从业资格 【全科】零基础取证班-风险管理(视频+刷题) ¥899 免费试听
【全科】零基础取证班-个人理财(视频+刷题) ¥899 免费试听
【单科】风险管理(视频+刷题) ¥599 免费试听
【单科】个人理财(视频+刷题) ¥599 免费试听
【单科】银行业法律法规与综合能力(视频+刷题) ¥599 免费试听
期货从业资格 【全科】零基础取证班(视频+刷题) ¥899 免费试听
【单科】零基础取证班-《期货及衍生品基础》 ¥599 免费试听
【单科】零基础取证班-《期货法律法规汇编》 ¥599 免费试听
银行校招 【暑假班】银行暑期专项特训(未进笔试面试退费) ¥7800 免费试听
【就业】直达银行协议班(未拿到银行OFFER全退费) ¥19800 免费试听
【网申】2017网申通关课程(非协议) ¥99 免费试听
【网申】网申简历1对1(签协议不过全退) ¥1480 免费试听
【网申笔试】网申笔试通关班(未进笔试面试退费) ¥5800 免费试听
【笔试】银行笔试通关班(录播+直播+题库+讲义) ¥1680 免费试听
【面试】面试VIP班(录播+直播+1对1)-不过退费 ¥4280 免费试听
会计 CPA考试会计从业初级职称中级职称内审师CIAACCA考试CMA考试 USCPA考试
金融 CFA考试FRM考试

课程试听换一换

相关推荐

微博关注

版权及免责声明

1,"新东方在线"上的内容,包括文章、资料、资讯等, 本网注明"稿件来源:新东方在线"的,其版权 均为"新东方在线"或北京新东方迅程网络科技有限公司所有 ,任何公司、媒体、网站或个人未经授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用。已经得到 "新东方在线"许可 的媒体、网站,在使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网站将依法追究责任。

2, "新东方在线" 未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的 文章、资料、资讯等 均为转载稿,本网站转载出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网站下载使用,必须保留本网站注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为 " 稿件来源:新东方 " ,本网站将依法追究其法律责任。

3,如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内与新东方在线联系。

  • 新东方在线教师资格考试微信
  • 1小时搞定结构化面试(中小幼)
  • 普通话专项突破课程

热点资讯更多>>

实用 • 工具

交流 • 下载

  • 职称英语备考资料下载
  • 职称英语备考资料下载
  • 职称英语备考资料下载
  • 职称英语复习必备

课程排行榜本周本月

公开课更多>>

2017职称英语改编题串讲 w 44分35秒
1 2017职称英语改编题串讲
2017职称英语阅读理解答题技巧 w 26分32秒
2 2017职称英语阅读理解答题技巧
2017职称英语完形填空答题技巧提炼 w 33分35秒
3 2017职称英语完形填空答题技巧提炼
2017职称英语通关中英文朗读篇 w 05分13秒
4 2017职称英语通关中英文朗读篇
2017年职称英语语法考点重点解析 w 21分17秒
5 2017年职称英语语法考点重点解析

新东方在线职称英语更多>>

推荐阅读