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2005-2010中石油职称英语考试真题阅读汇编(四)

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  小编搜集整理了2005-2010中石油职称英语考试真题阅读汇编,供广大考生参考,希望对大家有所帮助,下面,就让我们快来开始复习吧!

  08年

  III. Reading Comprehension

  Section A

  Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

  One of the most interesting paradoxes in America today is that Harvard University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, is now engaged in a serious debate about what a university should be, and whether it is measuring up.

  Like the Roman Catholic Church and other ancient institutions, it is asking—still in private rather than in public—whether its past assumptions about faculty, authority, admissions, courses of study, are really relevant to the problems of the 1990's.

  Should Harvard—or any other university—be an intellectual sanctuary, apart from the political and social revolution of the age, or should it be a laboratory for experimentation with these political and social revolutions; or even an engine of the revolution? This is what is being discussed privately in the big clapboard houses of faculty members around the Harvard Yard.

  The issue was defined by Waiter Lippmann, a distinguished Harvard graduate, several years ago.

  “If the universities are to do their work," he said, "they must be independent and they must be disinterested...They are places to which men can turn for judgments which are unbiased by partisanship and special interest. Obviously, the moment the universities fall under political control, or under the control of private interests, or the moment they themselves take a hand in politics and the leadership of government, their value as independent and disinterested sources of judgment is impaired...”

  This is part of the argument that is going on at Harvard today. Another part is the argument of the militant and even many moderate students: that a university is the keeper of our ideals and morals, and should not be “disinterested” but activist in bringing the nation's ideals and actions together.

  Harvard's men of today seem more troubled and less sure about personal, political and academic purpose than they did at the beginning. They are not even clear about how they should debate and resolve their problems, but they are struggling with them privately, and how they come out is bound to influence American universities and political life in the 1990's.

  41. The issues in the debate on Harvard's goals are whether the universities should remain independent of our society and its problems, and whether they should .

  A. overcome the widespread drug dependency B. take an active part in solving society's ills

  C. fight militarism D. support our old and established institutions

  42. The word “paradox” in paragraph 1 is .

  A. an abnormal condition B. a parenthetical expression

  C. a difficult puzzle D. a self-contradiction

  43. The word “sanctuary” in paragraph 3 is .

  A. a temple or nunnery of middle age B. a certain place you can hide in and avoid mishaps

  C. a holy place dedicated to a certain god D. an academy for intelligent people

  44. In the author's judgment, the ferment going on at Harvard .

  A. will soon be over, because times are bound to change

  B. is of interest mostly to Harvard men and their friends

  C. will influence future life in America

  D. is a sad symbol of our general bewilderment


本文关键字: 2005-2010 中石油 职称英语

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